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  • 2011年普通高等學校招生全國統一考試大綱英語
  • 作者:洛陽教育局 瀏覽量: 29626
  • 2011年全國高等學校招生統一考試英語考綱

     

    . 考試性質

     

        普通高等學校招生全國統一考試是由合格的高中畢業生和具有同等學力的考生參加的選拔性考試。高等學校根據考生的成績,按已確定的招生計劃,德、智、體全面衡量,擇優錄取。因此,高考應有較高的信度、效度,適當的難度和必要的區分度。

     

    . 考試內容

    根據普通高等學校對新生文化素質的要求,依據中華人民共和國教育部2003年頒布的《普通高中課程方案(實驗)》和《普通高中英語課程標準(實驗)》,確定本學科考試內容。

     

    考核目標與要求

    一、語言知識

    要求考生掌握并能運用英語語音、詞匯、語法基礎知識以及所學功能意念和話題(見附錄1至附錄5),要求詞匯量為3500左右。

    二、語言運用

    1 聽力

    要求考生能聽懂所熟悉話題的簡短獨白和對話。考生應能:

    (1)       理解主旨和要義;

    (2)       獲取具體的、事實性信息;

    (3)       對所聽內容作出判斷;

    (4)       理解說話者的意圖、觀點和態度。

    2 閱讀

    要求考生能讀懂書、報、雜志中關于一般性話題的簡短文段以及公告、說明、廣告等,并能從中獲取相關信息。考生應能:

    (1)    理解主旨和要義;

    (2)    理解文中具體信息;

    (3)    根據上下文推斷生詞的詞義;

    (4)    作出判斷和推理;

    (5)    理解文章的基本結構;

    (6)    理解作者的意圖、觀點和態度。

    3.寫作

       要求考生根據題示進行書面表達。考生應能:

    1)清楚、連貫地傳遞信息,表達意思;

    2)有效運用所學語言知識。

    4.口語

       要求考生根據題示進行口頭表達。考生應能:

    (1)       詢問或傳遞事實性信息,表達意思和想法;

    (2)       做到語音、語調自然;

    (3)       做到語言運用得體;

    (4)       使用有效的交際策略。

     

    附錄1 語音項目表

    1.      基本讀音

    126個字母的讀音

    2)元音字母在重讀音節中的讀音

    3)元音字母在輕讀音節中的讀音

    4)元音字母組合在重讀音節中的讀音

    5)常見的元音字母組合在輕讀音節中的讀音

    6)輔音字母組合的讀音

    7)輔音連綴的讀音

    8)成節音的讀音

    2.      重音

    (1)    單詞重音

    (2)    句子重音

    3.      讀音的變化

    (1)    連讀

    (2)    失去爆破

    (3)    弱讀

    (4)    同化

    4.      語調與節奏

    (1)    意群與停頓

    (2)    語調

    (3)    節奏

    5 語音、語調、重音、節奏等在口語交流中的運用

    6 朗誦和演講中的語音技巧

    7 主要英語國家的英語語音差異

     

    附錄2 語法項目表

    1.    名詞

    (1)    可數名詞及其單復數

    (2)    不可數名詞

    (3)    專有名詞

    (4)    名詞所有格

    2.    代詞

    (1)    人稱代詞

    (2)    物主代詞

    (3)    反身代詞

    (4)    指示代詞

    (5)    不定代詞

    (6)    疑問代詞

    3.    數詞

    (1)    基數詞

    (2)    序數詞

    4.    介詞和介詞短語

    5.    連詞

    6.    形容詞(比較級和最高級)

    7.    副詞(比較級和最高級)

    8.    冠詞

    9.    動詞

    (1)    動詞的基本形式

    (2)    系動詞

    (3)    及物動詞和不及物動詞

    (4)    助動詞

    (5)    情態動詞

    10.時態

    (1)    一般現在時

    (2)    一般過去時

    (3)    一般將來時

    (4)    現在進行時

    (5)    過去進行時

    (6)    過去將來時

    (7)    將來進行時

    (8)    現在完成時

    (9)    過去完成時

    (10)現在完成進行時

    11.被動語態

    12.非謂語動詞

    (1)    動詞不定式

    (2)    動詞的-ing形式

    (3)    動詞的-ed形式

    13.構詞法

    (1)    合成法

    (2)    派生法

    (3)    轉化法

    (4)    縮寫和簡寫

    14.句子種類

    (2)    陳述句

    (3)    疑問句

    (4)    祈使句

    (5)    感嘆句

    15.句子成分

    (2)    主語

    (3)    謂語

    (4)    表語

    (5)    賓語

    (6)    定語

    (7)    狀語

    (8)    補語

    16.簡單句的基本句型

    17.主謂一致

    18.并列復合句

    19.主從復合句

    (1)    賓語從句

    (2)    狀語從句

    (3)    定語從句

    (4)    主語從句

    (5)    表語從句

    20.間接引語

    21.省略

    22.倒裝

    23.強調

    24.虛擬語氣

     

    附錄3 功能意念項目表

    1.      社會交往(Social Communication)

    (1)    問候(Greetings)

    (2)    介紹(Introduction)

    (3)    告別(Farewells)

    (4)    感謝(Thanks)

    (5)    道歉(Apologies)

    (6)    邀請(Invitation)

    (7)    請求允許(Asking for permission)

    (8)    祝愿和祝賀(Expressing wishes and congratulations)

    (9)    提供幫助Offering help)

    (10)接受和拒絕(Acceptance and refusal)

    (11)約會(Making appointments)

    (12)打電話(Making telephone calls)

    (13)就餐(having meals)

    (14)就醫(Seeing the doctor)

    (15)購物(Shopping)

    (16)問路(Asking the way)

    (17)談論天氣(Talking about weather)

    (18)語言交際困難(Language difficulties in communication)

    (19)提醒注意(Reminding)

    (20)警告和禁止(Warming and prohibition)

    (21)勸告(Advice)

    (22)建議(Suggestions)

    2.      態度(Attitudes)

    (23)同意和不同意(Agreement and disagreement)

    (24)喜歡和不喜歡(Likes and dislikes)

    (25)肯定和不肯定(Certainty and uncertainty)

    (26)可能和不可能(Possibility and impossibility)

    (27)能夠和不能夠(Ability and inability)

    (28)偏愛和優化選擇(Preference)

    (29)意愿和打算(Intensions and plans)

    (30)希望和愿望 (Hopes and wishes)

    (31)表揚和鼓勵(Praise and encouragement)

    (32)責備和抱怨(Blame and complaint)

    (33)冷淡(Indifference)

    (34)判斷和評價(Judgement evaluation)

    3.      情感(Emotions)

    (35)高興(Happiness)

    (36)驚奇(Surprise)

    (37)憂慮(Worries)

    (38)安慰(Reassurance)

    (39)滿意(Satisfaction)

    (40)遺憾(Regret)

    (41)同情(Sympathy)

    (42)恐懼(Fear)

    (43)憤怒(Anger)

    4.      時間(Time)

    (44)時刻(Point of time)

    (45)時段(Duration)

    (46)頻度Frequency)

    (47)時序(Sequence)

    5.      空間(Sequence)

    (48)位置(Position)

    (49)方向(Direction)

    (50)距離(Distance)

    6.      存在(Existence)

    (51)存在與不存在(Existence and Non-existence)

    7.      特征(Features)

    (52)形狀(Shape)

    (53)顏色(Colour)

    (54)材料(Material)

    (55)價格(Price)

    (56)規格(Size)

    (57)年齡(Age)

    8.      計量(Measurement)

    (58)長度(Length)

    (59)寬度(Width)

    (60)高度(Height)

    (61)數量(Number)

    9.      比較(Comparison)

    (62)同級比較Equal comparison)

    (63)差別比較(Comparative and superlative)

    (64)相似和差別(Similarity and difference)

    10.  邏輯關系(logical relations)

    (65)原因和結果(Cause and effect)

    (66)目的(Purpose)

    11.  職業Occupations)

    (67)工作(Jobs)

    (68)單位Employer)

     

                            附錄4 話題項目表

    1.      個人情況(Personal information

    2.      家庭、朋友與周圍的人(Family friends and  people around

    3.      周圍的環境(Personal environments

    4.      日常活動(Daily routines

    5.      學校生活(School life)

    6.      興趣與愛好(Interests and hobbies)

    7.      個人感情(Emotions)

    8.      人際關系(Interpersonal relationships)

    9.      計劃與愿望(Plans and intentions)

    10.  節假日活動(Festivals, holidays and celebrations)

    11.  購物(Shopping)

    12.  飲食(Food and Drink)

    13.  健康(health)

    14.  天氣(Weather)

    15.  文娛與體育(Entertainment and sports)

    16.  旅游與交通(Travel and transport)

    17.  語言學習(Language learning)

    18.  自然(Nature)

    19.  世界與環境(The World and the environment)

    20.  科普知識與現代技術(Popular science and modern technology)

    21.  熱點話題(Topical issues)

    22.  歷史與地理(History and geography)

    23.  社會(Society)

    24.  文學與藝術(Literature and art)

       

    附錄5 2011年高考英語詞匯表

    A

     a/an, abandon, ability, able , abnormal, aboard, abolish, abortion, about, above, abroad, abrupt, absence,

    absent, absolute, absorb, abstract, absurd,  abundant, abuse, academic, academy, accelerate, accent, accept.

    access, accessible, accident, accommodation, accompany, accomplish, account, accountant, accumulate,

    accuracy, accurate, accuse, accustomed, ache ,achieve, achievement, acid, acknowledge, acquaintance,

    acquire, acquisition, acre, across, act, action, active, activity, actor, actress, actual, acute, AD, ad=

    advertisement, adapt, adaptation, add ,addicted, addition, address, adequate, adjust, adjustment,

    administration, admirable, admire, admission, admit, adolescence, adolescent, adopt, adore, adult, advance,

    advantage, adventure, advertise, advertisement, advice, advise, advocate, affair, affect, affection, afford, afraid,

    Africa, African, after, afternoon, afterward(s), again, against, age, agency, agenda, agent, aggressive, ago,

    agree, agreement, agricultural, agriculture, ahead, aid, AIDS, aim, air, aircraft, airline, airmail, airplane, airport,

    airspace, alarm, album, alcohol, alcoholic, algebra, alike, alive, all, allergic, alley, allocate, allow, allowance,

    almost, alone, along, alongside,  aloud, alphabet, already, also, alternative, although, altitudealtogether, always, aluminum, always, am, am./am, AM./AM amateur, amaze, amazing, America, ambassador(ambassadress),

    ambiguous, ambition, ambulance, among, amount, ample, amuse, amusement, analyse/ze, analysis, ancestor,

    anchor, ancient, and, anecdote, anger, angle, angry, animal, ankle, anniversary, announce, annoy, annual,

    another, answer, ant, Antarctic, antique, anxiety, anxious, any, anybody/anyone, anyhow, anything, anyway,

    anywhere, apart, apartment, apologize, apology, apparent, appeal, appear, appearance, appendix, applaud,

    apple, applicant, application, apply, appoint, appointment, appreciate, appreciation, appropriate, approval,

    approve, approximately, apron, arbitrary, arch, architecture, Arctic, are, area, argue, argument, arise

    (arose, arisen), arithmetic, arm, armchair, army, around, arrange, arrangement, arrest, arrival, arrive, arrow,

    art, article, artificial, artist, as, ash, ashamed, Asia, Asian, aside, ask, asleep, aspect, assess, assessment, assist,

    assistance, assistant, associate, association, assume, assumption, astonish, astronaut, astronomer, astronomy,

    at, athlete, athletic, Atlantic, atmosphere, atom, attach, attack, attain, attempt, attend, attention, attitude, ,attract,

    attraction, attractive, audience, aunt, authentic, author, authority, automatic, autonomous,  autumn,

    avenue,  average, avoid, awake(awoke/awaked, awoken/awaked), award, aware, away, awesome, awful,

    awkward

                                                                                                                                                               B

    baby, bachelor, back, background, backward(s), bacon, bacterium(pl. bacteria),  bad(worse-worst),

    badmiton, bag, baggage, bakery, balance, balcony, ball, ballet, balloon, bamboo, ban, banana, ban,

    bandage, bank, bar, barbecue, barber, barbershop, bare, bargain, bark, barrier, baseball, basement, base,

    basic, basin, basis, basket, basketball, bat, bath, bathe, bathroom, bathtub, battery, battle, bay, BC, be (am,

    are, is, was, were, being, been), beach, bean, bean curd, bear (bore, borne/born), beard, beard, beast,

    beat (beat, beat), beautiful, beauty, because, become (became, become), bed, beddings, bedroom, bee,

    beef, beer, before, beg, begin (began, begun ), behalf, behave, behaviour, behind, being, belief,

    believe, bell, belong, below, belt, bench, bend ( bent, bent ), beneath, beneficial, benefit, bent, beside,

    besides, betray, between, beyond, bicycle, bid, big, bike=bicycle, bill, bingo, biochemistry, biography,

    biology, bird, birth, birthday, birthplace, biscuit, bishop, bit, bite (bit, bitten ), bitter, black,

    blackboard, blame, blank, blanket, bleed, bless, blind, block, blood, blouse, blow (blew, blown),

    blue, board, boat, body, boil, bomb, bond, bone, bonus, book, boom, boot, booth, border,

    bored, boring, born, borrow, boss, botanical, both, bother, bottle, bottom, bounce, bound, boundary,

    bow, bowl, bowling, box, boxing, boy, boycott, brain, brake, branch, brand, brave, bravery,

    bread, break (broke, broken ), breakfast, breakthrough, breast, breath, breathe, breathless, brewery,

    brick, bride, bridegroom, bridge, brief, bright, brilliant, bring ( brought, brought ),

    broad, broadcast ( broadcast/broadcasted, broadcast/broadcasted ), brochure, broken, broom,

    brother, brown, brunch, brush, Buddhism, budget, buffet, build (built, built ), building, bunch,

    bungalow, burden, bureaucratic, burglar, burn (burnt/ burned, burnt/ burned), burst ( burst,

    burst ), bury, bus, bush, business, businessman/woman(pl businessmen/women), busy, but, butcher,

    butter, butterfly, button, buy ( bought, bought ), by, bye

    C

    cab, cabbage, café, cafeteria, cage, cake, call, calm, camel, camera, camp, campaign, can, canal cancel, cancer, candidate, candle, candy, canteen, cap, capital, capsule, captain, caption, car, carbon, card, care, careful, careless, carpenter, carpet, carriage, carrier, carrot, carry, carton, carve, case, cash, cassette, cast(cast, cast), castle, casual, cat, catalog(ue), catastrophe, catch (caught, caught ), category, cater, catholic, cattle, cause, caution, cautious, cave, CD=compact disk, ceiling, celebrate, celebration, cell, cent, centigrade, centimeter/er, center/centre, central, century, ceremony, certain, certificate, chain, chair, chairman, chalk, challenge, challenging, champion, chance, change, changeable, channel, chant, chaos, character, characteristic, charge, chapter, chart, chat, cheap, cheap, check (cheque ), cheek, cheerful, cheers, cheese, chef, chemical, chemist, cheer, cheese, chemistry, cheque/check, chess, chest, chew, chicken, chief, child ( pl. children ), childhood, chocolate, choice, choir, choke, choose ( chose, chosen), chopsticks, chorus, Christian, Christmas, church, cigar, cigarette, cinema, circle, circus, citizen, city, civil, civilian, civilization/sation, clap, clarify, class, classic, classify, classmate, classroom, claw, clay, clean, cleaner, clear, clerk, clever, click, climate, climb, clinic, clock, clone, close, cloth, clothes, clothing, cloud, cloudy, club, clumsy, coach, coal, coast, coat, cocoa, coffee, coin, coincidence, coke, cold, collar, colleague, collect, collection, college collision, colour, comb, combine, come ( came, come ), comedy, comfort, comfortable, command, comment, commercial, commit, commitment, committee, common, communicate, communication, communism, communist, companion, company, compare, compass, compensate, compete, competence, competition, complete, complex, component, composition, comprehension, compromise, compulsory, computer, concentrate, concept, concern, concert, conclude, conclusion, concrete, condition, condemn, conduct, conductor, confident, confidential, conference, confirm, conflict, confuse, congratulate, congratulation, connect, connection, conscience, consensus, consequence, conservation, conservative, consider, considerate, consideration, consist, consistent, constant, constitution, construct, construction, consult, consultant, consume, contain, container, contemporary, content, continent, continue, contradict, contradictory, contrary, contribute, contribution, control, controversial, convenience, convenient, conventional, conversation, convey, convince, cook, cooker, cookie, cool, copy, corn, corner, corporation, correct, correction, correspond, corrupt, cost ( cost, cost) , cosy, cottage, cotton, cough, could, count, counter, country, countryside, couple, courage, course, court, courtyard, cousin, cover, cow, crash, crayon, crazy, cream, create, creature, credit, crew, crime, criminal, criterion(pl criteria), crop, cross, crossing, crossroads, crowd, cruel, cry, cube, cubic, cuisine, culture, cup, cupboard, cure, curious, currency, curriculum, curtain, cushion, cushion, custom, customer, customs, cut (cut, cut ),cycle, cyclist

    D

    dad=daddy, daily, dam, damage, damp, dance, danger, dangerous, dare, dark, darkness, dash, data, database, date, daughter, dawn, day, dead, deadline, deaf, deal ( dealt, dealt ), dear, death, debate, debt, decade, decide, decision, declare, decline, decorate, decoration, decrease, deed, deep, deer, defeat, defence / defense, defend, degree, delay, delete, deliberately, dedicate, delicious, delight, delighted, deliver, demand, dentist, department(Dept.), depend, depth, describe, description, desert, deserve, desert, design, desire, desk, desperate, dessert, destination, destroy, detective, determine, develop, development, devote, devotion, diagram, dial, dialogue /dialog, diamond, diary, dictation, dictionary, die, diet, differ,  difference, different, difficult, difficulty, dig ( dug, dug ), digest, digital, dignity, dilemma, dimension, dinner, dinosaur, dioxide, dip, diploma, direct, director, directory, dirt, dirty, disability, disabled, disadvantage, disagree, disagreement, disappear, disappoint, disappointed, disaster, discount, discourage, discover, discovery, discrimination, discuss, discussion, disease, disgusting,  dish, distance, distant, distinction, distinguish, distribute, district, disturb, disturbing, dive, diverse, divide, division, divorce, dizzy,  do ( did, done ), doctor, document, dog, doll, dollar, donate, door, dormitory(dorm), dot, double, doubt, down, download, downstairs, downtown, dozen, Dr=doctor, draft, drag, draw (drew, drawn ), drawback, drawer, dream ( dreamed / dreamt, dreamed / dreamt ), dress, drill, drink (drank, drunk), drive (drove, driven ), drop, drug, drum, drunk, dry, duck, due, dull, dumpling, during, dusk, dustbin, dusty, duty, DVD=digital versatile disk, dynamic, dynasty,

    E

    each, eager, eagle,  ear, early, earn, earth, earthquake, east, Easter, eastern, easy, eat ( ate, eaten ) , ecology, edge, edition, editor, educate, educator, education, effect, effort, egg, eggplant, either, elder, elect, electric, electrical, electricity, electronic, elegant, elephant, else, e-mail, embarrass, embassy, emergency, emperor, employ, empty, encourage, encouragement,  end, ending, endless, enemy, energetic, energy, engineer, enjoy, enjoyable, enlarge, enough, enquiry, enter, enterprise, entertainment, enthusiastic, entire, entrance, entry, envelope, environment, envy, equal, equality, equip, equipment, eraser, error, erupt, escape, especially, essay, Europe, European, evaluate, even, evening, event, ever, ever since, for ever, every, everybody/everyone, everything, everywhere, evidence, evident, evolution, exact, examination/ exam, examine, example, excellent, except, exchange,  excite, excuse, exercise, exhibition, exist, existence, exit, expand, expect, expectation, expense,  expensive, experience, experiment, expert, explain, explanation, explicit , explode, exploreexportexpose express, expression, extension, extra, extraordinary , extreme, eye, eyesight ,

    F

    Face, facial , fact, factory, fade, fail, failure, fair, faith, fall ( fell, fallen), false, familiar, family, famous, fan, fancy, fantastic, fantasy, far(farther, farthestfurther, furthest), fare, farm, farmer, fast, fasten, fat, father, fault, favor, favorite, fear, feast, feather, federal, fee, feed (fed, fed), feel (felt, felt), feel like doing, feeling, fellow, female, fence, ferry, festival, fetch, fever, few, fibre/er, fiction, field, fierce, fight (fought, fought), figure, file, fill, film, final, finance, find (found, found ), fine, finger, fingernail, finish, fire, fireworks, firm, fish, fist, fit, fix, flag, flame, flash, flashlight, flat, flee(fled, fled), flexible, flesh, flight, float, flood, floor, flour, flow, flower, flu, fluency, fluent, fly (flew, flown), fly, focus, fog, foggy, fold, folk, follow, fond, food, fool, foolish, foot (pl. feet ), football, for, forbid ( forbade, forbidden), force, forecast, forehead, foreign, foreigner, foresee(foresaw, foreseen), forest, forever, forget (forgot, forgot/forgotten ), forgetful, forgive ( forgave, forgiven), fork, form, format, former, fortnight, fortunate, fortune, forty, forward, found, fountain, fox, franc, fragile, fragrant, framework, free, set free, freedom, freeway, freeze (frozen, frozen), freezing, frequent, fresh, friction, fridge (refrigerator) , friend, friendly, friendship, frighten, frog, from, front, frontier, frost, fruit, fry, fuel, full, fun, function, fundamental, funeral, funny, fur, furnished, furniture, further, future

    G

    gain, gallery, gallon, game, garage, garbage, garden, garlic, garment, gas, gate, gather, gay, general, generation, generous, gentle, gentleman, (pl. gentlemen),  geography, geometry, gesture, get ( got, got ), gift, gifted, giraffe, girl, give ( gave, given), glad, glance, glarer, glass, globe, glory, glove, glue, go (went, gone), goal, goat, god, gold, golden, golf, good, goods, goose (pl. geese), govern, government, grade, gradual, graduate, graduation, grain, gram, grammar, grand, grandchild, granddaughter, grandma=grandmother, grandpa=grandfather, grandparents, grandson, granny, grape, graph, grasp, grass, grateful gravity, great, green, greengrocer, greet, greeting, grey/gray, grill, grocer, grocery, ground, group, grow (grew, grown ), growth, guarantee, guard, guess, guest, guidance, guide, guilty, guitar, gun, gym=gymnasium, gymnastics

                                            H

    habit, hair, haircut, half, hall, ham, hammer, hamburger, hand, handbag, handful, handkerchief, handle, handsome, handwriting, handy, hang (hung, hung; hanged, hanged), happen, happiness, happy, harbor(u)r, hard, hardly, hardship, hardworking, harm, harmful, harmony,  harvest, hat, hatch, hate, have (had, had ), he, head, headache, headline, headmaster/mistress, health, healthy, hear (heard, heard), hearing, heart, heat, heaven, heavy, heel, height, helicopter, hello, helmet, help, here, hesitate, hero, hers, herself, hi, hide (hid, hidden), high, highway, hill, him, himself, hire, his, history, hit ( hit, hit), hobby, hold (held, held), hole, holiday, holy, home, homeland, hometown, homework, honest, honesty, honor, hook, hope, hopeful,  hopeless, horrible, horse, hospital, host, hostess, hot, hotdog, hotel, hour, house, housewife, housework, how, however, howl, hug, huge, human, human being, humorous, homo(u)r, hundred, hunger, hungry, hurry, hurt (hurt, hurt), husband, hydrogen,

                                           I

    I, ice, ice-cream, idea, identify, identification, idiom, if, ignore, ill, illegal, illness, imagine, immediately, immigration, import, important, impossible, impress, impression, improve, in, inch, incident, include, income, increase, indeed, independence, independent, indicate, industry, influence, inform, information, initial, injure, injury, ink, inn, innocent, insect, insert, inside, insist, inspect, inspire, instant, instead, institute, instruct, instruction, instrument, insurance, insure, intelligence, intend, intention, interest, interesting, international, interrupt, interval, interview, into, introduce, introduction, invent, invention, invitation, invite, iron, irrigation, is, island, it, its, itself

    J

    jacket, jam, jar, jaw, jazz, jeans, jeep, jet, jewel(l)ery, job, jog, join, joke, journalist, journey, joy, judge, judg(e)ment, juice, jump, jungle, junior, just, justice

                                           K

    kangaroo, keep (kept, kept ), kettle, key, keyboard, kick, kid, kill, kilo, kilometer/kilometer, kind, kindergarten, kindness, king, kingdom, kiss, kitchen, kite, knee, knife(pl knives), knock, know (knew, known ), knowledge

    L

    lab, labor, lack, lady, lake, lamb, lame, lamp, land, language, lantern, lap, large, last, late, latter,  laugh, laughter, law, lawyer, lay (laid, laid), lazy, lead (led, led ), leader, leaf(pl leaves), league, leak, learn (learnt/ learned, learnt/ learned), least, leather, leave (left, left), lecture, left, leg, legal, lemon, lemonade, lend (lent, lent ), length, lesson, let, letter, level, liberty, liberation, librarian, library, license, lid, lie (lay, lain ), lie, life, lift, light (lit/lighted, lit/ lighted), lightning, like, likely, limit, line, link, lion, lip, liquid, list, listen, literature, literary, liter/litre, little , live, lively, load, loaf, local, lock, lonely, long, look, link, loose, lorry, lose (lost, lost), loss, lot, loud, lounge, love, lovely, low, luck, lucky, luggage, lunch, lung                                     

    M

    machine, mad, madam/ madame, magazine, magic, maid, mail, mailbox (letter box), main, mainland, major, majority, make (made, made ), male, man ( pl. men ), manage, manager, manner, many(more, most), map, maple, marathon, marble, march, mark, market, marriage, marry, mask, mass, master, mat, match, material, mathematics /maths, matter, mature, maximum, may, maybe, me, meal, mean (meant, meant ), meaning, means, meanwhile, measure, meat, medal, media,  medical, medicine, medium, meet (met, met ), meeting, melon, member, memorial, memory, mend, mental, mention, menu, merchant, merciful, mercy, merely, merry, mess, message, messy, metal, method, meter/metre, microscope, microwave, middle, midnight, might, mild, mile, milk, millionaire, mind, mine, mineral, minibus, minimum, minister, ministry, minority, minus, minute, mirror, miss, missile, mist, mistake ( mistook, mistaken ), misunderstand(misunderstood, misunderstood) mix, mixture, mm=millimeter, mobile, model, modem, modern, modest, mom/mum moment, mommy/mummy, money, monitor, monkey, month, monument, moon, mop, moral,  more(much, many), morning, Moslem, mosquito, mother, motherland, motivation, motor, motorcycle, motto, mountain, mountainous, mourn, mouse (pl. mice ), moustache, mouth, move, movement, movie, Mr.(mister), Mrs(mistress)., Ms, mud, muddy, multiply, murder, museum, mushroom, music, musical, musician, must, mustard, mutton, my, myself

                                           N

    nail, name, narrow, nation, national , nationality, nationwide, native, natural, nature, navy, near, nearby, nearly, neat, necessary, neck, necklace, need, needle, negotiate, neighbour, neighbourhood, neither, nephew, nervous, nest, net, network, never, new, news, newspaper, next, nice, niece, no, No.=number, noble, nobody, nod, noise, noisy, none, noodle, noon, nor, normal, north, northeast, northern, northwest, nose, not, note, notebook, nothing, notice, novel, novelist, now, nowadays, nowhere, nuclear, numb, number, nurse, nursery, nut, nutrition

                                           O

    obey, object, observe, obtain, obvious, occupation, occupy, occur, ocean, Oceania, o’clock, of, off, offence, offer, office, officer, official, offshore, often, oh, oil, oilfield, O.K, old, Olympic(s), on, once, one, oneself, onion, only, onto, open, opening, opera, operate, operation, operator, opinion, oppose, opposite, optimistic, optional, or, oral, orange, orbit, order, ordinary, organ, organize/ organise, organization/sation, origin, other, otherwise, ought, our, ours, ourselves, out, outcome, outdoors, outer, outgoing, outing, outline, output, outside, outspoken, outstanding, outwards, oval, over, overcoat, overcome, overhead, overlook, overweight, owe, own, owner, ownership, ox (pl. oxen), oxygen

                                          P

    pace, Pacific, pack, package, packet, paddle, page, pain, painful, paint, painter, painting, pair, palace, pale, pan, pancake, panda, panic, paper, paperwork, paragraph, parallel, parcel, pardon, parent, park, parking, parrot, part, party, participate, particular, partly, partner, part-time,  pass, passage, passenger, passer-by (pl. passers-by), passive, passport, past, patent, path, patient, patience, pattern, pause, pavement,  pay (paid, paid ), P.E.=physical education, P.C.=personal computer, pea, peace, peach, peaceful, pear, pedestrian,  pen, pencil, pence, penny, pension, people, pepper, per, percent, percentage,  perfect, perform, performance, performer, perfume, perhaps, period, permanent, permission, permit, person, personal, personnel, personally, persuade, pest, pet, petrol, phenomenon(pl. phenomena) ,photo/ photograph, photographer, phrase, physical, physician, physicist, physics, pianist, piano, pick, picnic picnicked), picture, pie, piece, pig, pile, pill, pillow, pilot, pin, pine, pineapple, ping-pong, pink, pint, pioneer,  pipe, pity, place, plain, plan, plane, planet, plant, plastic, plate, platform, play, playground, pleasant, please, pleased, pleasure, plenty, plot, plug, plus, p.m./pm, P.M./PM, pocket, poem, poet, point, poison, poisonous, pole, police, policeman (pl. policemen), policy, polish, polite, political, politician,  politics, pollute, pollution, pond, pool, poor, pop=popular, popcorn,  popular, population, pork, porridge, port, portable, porter, position, possibility, possession, possible, post, postage, postcard, postcode, poster, postman(pl. postmen), postpone,  pot, potato,  potential, pound, pour, powder, power, powerful,  practical ,practice, practise, praise, pray, prayer,  precious, precise, predict, prefer, preference, pregnant, prejudice, premier, preparation,  prepare, prescription, present, presentation, preserve,  president, press, pressure, pretend, pretty, prevent, preview, precious, price, pride, primary, primitive, principle, print, prison, prisoner, private, privilege, prize, probably, problem, procedure, process, produce, product, production, profession,  professor, profit, program/ programme, progress, prohibit, project, promise, promote,  pronounce, pronunciation, proper, properly,  protect, protection,  proud, prove (proved, proved/proven), provide, province, psychology, pub, public,  publish, pull, pulse,  pump, punctual, punctuation, punish, punishment, pupil, purchase, pure, purple, purpose, purse, push, put ( put, put ), puzzle, pyramid,

                                           Q

    quake, qualification, quality, quantity, quarrel, quarter, queen, questionquestionnaire, queue, quick, quiet, quilt, quit, quite, quiz,

                                           R

    rabbit, race, racial, radiation, radio, radioactive, radium, rag, rail, railway, rain, rainbow, raincoat, rainfall, rainy, raise, random, range, rank,  rapid, rare, rat, rate, rather, raw,  ray, razor, reach, react,  read (read, read), reading,  ready, real, reality, realize/realize, really, reason, reasonable, rebuild(rebuilt, rebuilt), receipt, receive, receiver, recent, reception, receptionist, recipe, recite,  recognize, recommend, record, recorder, recover, recreation, recycle, rectangle, red, reduce, refer, referee, reference, reflect, reform, refresh, refrigerator, refuse, regard, regardless, register, regret, regular, regulation, reject, relate, relation, relationship, relative, relax, relay, relevant, reliable, relief, religion, religious, rely, remain, remark, remember, remind, remote, remove, rent, repair, repeat, replace, reply, report, reporter, represent, representative, republic, reputation, request, require, requirement, rescue, research, resemble, reservation, reserve, resign, resist, respect, respond, responsibility, rest, restaurant, restriction, result, retell, retire, return, review, revision, revolution, reward, rewind, rhyme, rice, rich, rid(rid, ridridded, ridded),riddle, ridiculous, ride (rode, ridden), right, ring (rang, rung), rigid,  ripe, ripen, rise (rose, risen), risk, river, road, roast, rob, robot, rock, rocket, role, roll, roof, room, rooster, root, rose, rot, rough, round, roundabout, routine, row, royal, rubber, rubbish, rude, rugby,ruin, rule, ruler, run (ran, run), rush

     

                                           S

    sacred, sacrifice, sad, sadness, safe, safely, sail, sailor, salad, salary, sale, salesgirl, salesman/woman, salt, salty, salute, same, sand, sandwich, satellite, satisfaction, satisfy, saucer, sausage, save, say (said, said), saying, scan, scar, scare, scarf, scene, scenery, skeptical/skeptical, schedule, school, scholar, scholarship, schoolbag, schoolboy/girl, schoolmate, science, scientific, scientist, scissors, scold, score, scratch, scream, screen, sculpture, sea, seagull, seal, search, seashell, seaside, season, seat, seaweed, second, secret, secretary, section, secure, security, see (saw, seen), seed, seek, seem, seize, seldom, select, seldom, selfish, sell (sold, sold), semicircle, seminar, send (sent, sent), sense, sensitive, sentence, separate, separation, serious, servant, serve, service, session, set (set, set), settle, settlement, settler, several, sew (sewed, sewn/ sewed), sex, shabby, shade, shadow, shake (shook, shaken), shall, shallow, shame, shape, share, shark, sharp, sharpen, sharpener, shave (shaved, shaved/shaven), shaver, she, sheep (pl sheep), sheet, shelf(pl shelves), shelter, shine (shone, shone), ship, shirt, shock, shoe, shoot (shot, shot), shop, shopkeeper, shopping, shore, short, shortcoming, shortly, shorts, shot, should, shoulder, shout, show (showed, shown/showed), shower, shrink(shrankshrunk, shrunken), shut (shut, shut), shy, sick, sickness, side, sideroad/sidewalk, sideway, sideways, sigh, sight, sightseeing, signal, signature,  significance, silence, silent, silk, silly, silver, similar, simple, simplify, since, sincerely, sing (sang, sung), single, sink (sunk, sunk), sir, sister, sit (sat, sat), situation, size, skate, skateboard, ski, skill, skilful, skin, skirt, sky, skyscraper, slave, slavery, sleep (slept, slept), sleepy, sleeve, slice, slide, slight, slightly, slim, slip, slow, small, smart, smell (smelt/smelled, smelt/ smelled), smile, smog, smoke, smoker, smooth, snake, sneaker, sneeze, sniff, snow, so, soap, sob, soccer, social, socialism, socialist, society, sock, socket, sofa, soft, software, soil, solar, soldier, solid, some, somebody/someone, somehow, something, sometime, somewhere, son, song, soon, sorrow, sorry, sort, soul, sound, soup, sour, south, southeast, southern, southwest, souvenir, sow(sowed, sown/-ed), space, spaceship, spade, spare, sparrow, speak (spoke, spoken), speaker, spear, special, specialist, specific, speech, speed, spell, spelling, spend (spent, spent), spin, spirit, spiritual, spit, splendid, split, spoken, spokesman/woman, sponsor, spoon, spoonful, sport, spot, spray, spread spread, spread, spring, spy, square, squeeze, squirrel, stable, stadium, staff, stage, stain, stainless, stair, stamp, stand (stood, stood), standard, star, stare, start, starve, starvation, state, station, statement, statesman/woman, statistics, statue, status, stay, steady, steak, steal (stole, stolen), steam, steel, step, steward, stewardess, stick (stuck, stuck), still, stocking, stomach, stone, stop, storage, store, storm, story, stout, stove, straight, straightforward, strait, strange, stranger, straw, strawberry, stream, street, strength, strengthen, stress, strict, strike (struck, struck/stricken), strong, struggle, stubborn, student, studio, study, stupid, style, subject, subjective, summit, subscribe, substitute, succeed, success, successful, such, suddenly, suffer, suffering, sugar, suggest, suggestion, suit, suitable, suitcase, suite, summary, summer, sun, sunburnt, sunlight, sunny, sunshine, super, superb, superior, supermarket, supper, supply, support, suppose, supreme, sure, surface, surgeon, surplus, surprise, surround, surrounding, survival, survive, suspect, suspension, swallow, swap, swear(swore, sworn), sweat, sweater, sweep (swept, swept), sweet, swell(swelled, swollen), swift, swim (swam, swum), swing, switch, sword, symbol, sympathy, symphony, symptom, system, systematic

                                            T

    table, table tennis, tablet, tail, tailor, take (took, taken), tale, talent, talk, tall, tank, tap, tape, target,  task, taste, tasteless, tasty, tax, taxi, taxpayer, tea, teach (taught, taught), teacher, team, teamwork, teapot, tear (tore, torn), tease, technical, technique, technology, teenager,  telephone, telescope, television, tell (told, told), temperature ,temple, temporary, tend, tendency, tennis, tense, tension, tent, tentative, term, terminal, terrible, terrify, terror, test, text, textbook, than, thank, thankful, that, the, theatre/ theater, theft, their, theirs, them, theme, themselves, then, theoretical, theory, there, therefore, thermos, these, they, thick, thief ( pl. thieves), thin, thing, think (thought, thought), thinking, thirst, this, thorough, those, though, thought, thread, thrill, thriller, throat, through, throughout, throw (threw, thrown), thunder, thunderstorm, thus, tick, ticket, tidy, tie, tiger, tight, till, time, timetable, tin, tiny, tip, tire, tired, tiresome, tissue, title, to, toast, tobacco, today, together, toilet, tolerate, tomato, tomb, tomorrow, ton, tongue, tonight, too, tool, tooth (pl. teeth), toothache, toothbrush, toothpaste, top, topic, tortoise, total, touch, tough, tour, tourism, tourist, tournament, toward(s), towel, tower, town, toy, track, tractor, trade, tradition, traditional, traffic, train, training, tram, transform, translate, translation, translator, transparent, transport, trap, travel, traveller, treasure, treat, treatment, tree, tremble, trend, trial, triangle, trick, trip, trolleybus, troop, trouble, troublesome, trousers, truck, true, truly, trunk, trust, truth, try, T-shirt, tube, tune, turkey, turn, turning, tutor, TV=television, twice, twin, twist, type, typewriter, typical, typhoon, typist, tyre/tire

                                           U

    ugly, umbrella, unable, unbearable, unbelievable, uncertain, uncle, uncomfortable, unconditional, unconscious, under, underground, underline, understand (understood, understood), undertake (undertook, undertaken), underwear, unemployment, unfair, unfit, unfortunate, uniform, union, unique, unit, unite, universal, universe, university, unless, unlike, unrest, until, unusual, unwilling,  up, update, upon, upper, upset, upstairs, upward(s), urban, urge, urgent, use, used, useful, useless, user, usual

                                           V

    vacation, vacant, vague, vain, valid, valley, valuable, value, variety, various, vase, vast, VCD=versatile compact disk, vegetable, vehicle, version, vertical, very, vest, via, vice, victim, victory, video, videophone, view, village, villager, vinegar, violate, violence, violent, violin, violinist, virtue, virus, visa, visit, visitor, visual, vital, vivid, vocabulary, voice, volcano, volleyball, voluntary, volunteer, vote, voyage

                                           W

    wag, wage, waist, wait, waiter, waiting-room, waitress, wake (woke, woken), walk, wall, wallet, walnut, wander, want, war, ward, warehouse, warm, warmth, warn, wash, washroom, waste, watch, water, watermelon, wave, wax, way, we, web, website, weak, weakness, wealth, wealthy, wear ( wore, worn), weather, wedding, weed,  week, weekday, weekend, weekly, weep,  weekend, weigh, weight, welcome, welfare, well, well (better, best) , well-known, west, western, westward(s), wet, whale, what, whatever, wheat, wheel, when, whenever, where, wherever, whether, which, while, whisper, whistle,  white, who, whole, whom, whose, why, wide, widespread, widow, wife, wild, wildlife, will, willing, win (won, won), wind, wind (winded/ wound, winded/ wound), window, windy, wine, wing, winner, winter, wipe, wire, wisdom, wise, wish, with, withdraw, within, without, witness, wolf (pl wolves)woman (pl. women), wonder, wonderful, wood, wooden, wool, woolen, word, work, worker, world, worldwide, worm, worn, worried, worry, worth, worthwhile, worthy, would, wound, wrestle, wrinkle, wrist, write (wrote, written), wrong

                                          X

    X-ray

                                          Y

    yard, yawn, year, yell, yellow, yes, yesterday, yet, yoghurt, you, young, your, yours, yourself(pl yourselves), youth

                                           Z

    zebra, zero, zip, zipper, zone, zoo, zoom

     

    數詞

    基數詞

    序數詞

    one

    1st

    first

    two

    2nd

    second

    three

    3rd

    third

    four

    4th

    fourth

    five

    5th

    fifth

    six

    6th

    sixth

    seven

    7th

    seventh

    eight

    8th

    eighth

    nine

    9th

    ninth

    ten

    10th

    tenth

    eleven

    11th

    eleventh

    twelve

    12th

    twelfth

    thirteen

    13th

    thirteenth

    fourteen

    14th

    fourteenth

    fifteen

    15th

    fifteenth

    sixteen

    16th

    sixteenth

    seventeen

    17th

    seventeen

    eighteen

    18th

    eighteenth

    nineteen

    19th

    nineteenth

    twenty

    20th

    twentieth

    twenty-one

    21st

    twenty-first

    twenty-two

    22nd

    twenty-second

    twenty-three

    23rd

    twenty-third

    thirty

    30th

    thirtieth

    forty

    40th

    fortieth

    fifty

    50th

    fiftieth

    sixty

    60th

    sixtieth

    seventy

    70th

    seventieth

    eighty

    80th

    eightieth

    ninety

    90th

    ninetieth

    one hundred

    100th

    one hundredth

    one hundred (and) one

    101th

    one hundred and first

    one hundred (and) two

    102th

    one hundred and second

    three hundred

    300th

    three hundredth

    one thousand

    1 000th

    one thousandth

    three thousand

    3 000th

    three thousandth

    Ten thousand

    10 000th

    ten thousandth

    one million

    1 000 000th

    one millionth

    one billion

    1 000 000 000th

    one billionth

    月份January(Jan.)       February Feb.)     March (Mar.)      April (Apr.)         May (May)   

    June (Jun.)            July (Jul.)           August (Aug.)     September (Sept.)  October (Oct.) November (Nov.)  December (Dec.)

    星期 Monday (Mon.)    Tuesday (Tues.)     Wednesday (Wed.) Thursday (Thurs.)  Friday (Fri.)

            Saturday (Sat.)     Sunday (Sun.)

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